"Knowing others is intelligence; knowing yourself is true wisdom. Mastering others is strength; mastering yourself is true power." 

—Lao Tzu

Like trees in a forest, we are ever changing...yet staying the same...weathering the seasons of life. Coming to understand who we are is like looking into a lake. Sometimes the lake is so clear the reflection is nearly perfect, and we can't tell what is "real" and what is reflected. Other times, as in life, the lake is choppy. We only see a resemblance of ourselves or we recognize nothing at all.

Self-reflection can help us know ourselves, but may lead us in circles. Likewise, personality tests aren't always accurate. They are, like the choppy lake, subject to the winds of change, often reflecting our basic pattern but sometimes misleading us. Friends, family, and co-workers can give us valuable feedback but see us thorough their own lenses sometimes, only giving us clues.  Only by integrating all of these methods can we find our best-fit personality type pattern.

The 16 Personality Types: Descriptions for Self-Discovery engages you in a self-discovery process using multiple forms of feedback. This process of uncovering and revealing requires your active participation. This book is designed to help you actively participate in your own self-discovery process. Accurate identification of our best-fit personality type pattern is the first step in mastering ourselves. Without it, we can delude ourselves. With it we can find true insight, wisdom, security, and freedom.

Knowing your personality type pattern can help you be...

  1. more responsible to yourself, to others and to institutions
  2. more independent and free
  3. more conscious and in control of your life
  4. more connected and real

Table of Contents

  • 1

    Getting Started

    • Important Agreements

    • About this Online Version

  • 2

    Book Details

    • The Sixteen Personality Types, Descriptions for Self-Discovery—The Whole Book

    • About the Book

    • Table of Contents

    • From the Authors

  • 3

    About Personality--Pages 1-5

    • What Is Personality?--Page 1

    • Understanding Personality—Pages 2-3

    • Ways to Describe Personality--Pages 4-5

  • 4

    How to Discover Your Best-Fit Type--Pages 6-11

    • How to Discovery Your Best-Fit Type--Pages 6-7

    • 16 Themes to Try On--Pages 8-9

    • Experiencing the Descriptions--Page 10

    • Helping You Decide--Page 11

  • 5

    The Sixteen Personality Type Descriptions--Pages 12-43

    • Promoter Executor™ - ESTP--Pages 12-13

    • Analyzer Operator™ - ISTP Pages--14-15

    • Motivator Presenter™ - ESFP--Pages 16-17

    • Composer Producer™ - ISFP--Pages 18-19

    • Implementor Supervisor™ - ESTJ--Pages 20-21

    • Planner Inspector ™- Pages--22-23

    • Facilitator Caretaker™ - ESFJ--Pages 24-25

    • Protector Supporter™ - ISFJ--Pages 26-27

    • Strategist Mobilizer™ - ENTJ--Pages 28-29

    • Conceptualizer Director™ - INTJ--Pages 30-31

    • Explorer Inventor™ - ENTP--Pages 32-33

    • Designer Theorizer™ - INTP--Pages 34-35

    • Envisioner Mentor™ - ENFJ--Pages 36-37

    • Foreseer Developer™ - INFJ--Pages 38-39

    • Discoverer Advocate™ - ENFP--Pages 40-41

    • Harmonizer Clarifier™ - INFP--Pages 42-43

  • 6

    Understanding Yourself--Pages 44-45

    • Understanding Yourself Worksheets--Pages 44-45

  • 7

    Relating to Others--Page 46

    • Relating to Others Worksheet--Page 46

  • 8

    Now What?--Page 47

    • Now What? Worksheet--Page 47

  • 9

    Appendix A: Essential Qualities of the Patterns--Pages 48-50

    • Essential Qualities of the Patterns--Pages 48-50

  • 10

    Notes for the Facilitator--Pages 51

    • Notes for the Facilitator--Page 51

  • 11

    Appendix C: References--Page 52

    • Appendix C: References--Page 52

About the Authors

Senior Learning Facilitator

Linda Berens

Linda V. Berens, Ph.D. is a human and organizational development practitioner who has been teaching professionals since 1982 as well as helping individuals and teams recognize their strengths, transcend their weaknesses, and work together better. Linda is recognized internationally in the field of individual differences, developing an innovative, robust system of exploring CORE Personal Patterns to foster development of individuals, teams, and organizations. A warm, engaging teacher, she has contributed to the success of many professional change agents through her theoretical contributions to the field of psychological type and user-friendly training materials for practical application of understanding individual differences. She is the author or co-author of multiple books and training materials.In addition to holding a license as a California Marriage and Family Therapist and a doctorate in psychology, she also holds certification as a Holacracy Facilitator and in Integral Transformative Leadership from Pacific Integral and the LIOS Graduate College at Saybrook University.

Adjunct Instructor

Dario Nardi

Dario Nardi, Ph.D. is an international author, researcher, speaker and expert in neuroscience, personality, and body-mind practices. He holds a Senior Lecturer position at University of California (Los Angeles), where he won UCLA's Copenhaver Award for Innovative Use of Technology in 2005 and UCLA's Distinguished Teacher of the year in 2011. His books include Neuroscience of Personality, 8 Keys to Self-Leadership, Jung on Yoga, and Facets of Ayahuasca, among other titles. We writes game books and fiction. And he is the creator of the Personality Types iPhone app. Since 2006, Dario has focused on conducting hands-on brain research, utilizing insights of real-time EEG technology. Applications extend to coaching, counseling, education, games, healthcare, leadership development, yoga, and many other areas. He regularly keynotes international conferences and facilitates workshops, teaching professionals about the art and science of the brain. Dario is currently based in Los Angeles, USA and Oslo, Norway.